C4.1 Functional Analysis (2017-2018)

2017-2018
Lecturer(s): 
Dr David Seifert
General Prerequisites: 

Part A Topology, Part B Banach Spaces and Hilbert Spaces.

Course Term: 
Michaelmas
Course Lecture Information: 

16 lectures

Course Weight: 
1.00 unit(s)
Course Level: 
M

Assessment type:

Course Overview: 

This course builds on B4.1 and B4.2, by extending the theory of Banach spaces and operators. As well as developing general methods that are useful in operator theory, we shall look in more detail at the structure and special properties of "classical'' sequence spaces and function spaces.

Course Synopsis: 

Normed vector spaces and Banach spaces. Dual spaces. Direct sums and complemented subspaces. Quotient spaces and quotient operators.

Baire's Category Theorem and its consequences (review).

Hahn-Banach extension and separation theorems. The bidual space. Reflexivity. Completion of a normed vector space.

Convexity and smoothness of norms. Classical Banach spaces and their duals.

Weak and weak* topologies. The Banach-Alaoglu theorem. Goldstine's theorem. Weak compactness. The Schur property of $\ell^1$.

Compactness in normed vector spaces. Compact operators. The Arzelà-Ascoli theorem. Schauder's theorem on compactness of dual operators. Completely continuous operators.

The Closed Range Theorem. Fredholm theory: Fredholm operators; the Fredholm index; perturbation results; the Fredholm Alternative. Spectral theory of compact operators. The spectral theorem for compact self-adjoint operators.

Schauder bases; examples in classical Banach spaces.

Reading List: 
  1. M. Fabian et al., Functional Analysis and Infinite-Dimensional Geometry (Canadian Math. Soc, Springer 2001)
  2. N.L. Carothers, A Short Course on Banach Space Theory (LMS Student Text, Cambridge University Press 2004).
Further Reading: 
  1. J. Conway A course in Functional Analysis (Springer 2007)
  2. B. Bollobas Linear Analysis: An Introductory Course (CUP, 1999)